Living in Consciousness ~ Indi(r)a’s Food and Garden Weblog

Undrallu & Kudumulu

During festival times, the sugar of choice at our home for Naivedyam is jaggery.

Jaggery – the pure, wholesome and traditional sweetener of India is made out of raw sugarcane juice by slowly simmering it in big pans until all the water is evaporated. The final solid product is then poured into moulds. The complete process is 100% chemical-free, prepared in natural way and no animal parts (bones) are used or added at any stage. This process is unlike the commercial sugar manufacturing, where cane juice is subjected to a potpourri of chemicals as sulfur dioxide, lime, phosphoric acid, bleaching agents & viscosity reducers.

How do I know all this? Well, some of our relatives cultivate sugarcane and produce jaggery in small scale. They do that in the fields after harvesting the sugarcane. It is quite an event with all the relatives and friends come to help and taste. The thing I always remember is the smell. The sweet smell of boiling sugarcane follows you forever.

It is the ancient wisdom and is now scientifically proven that jaggery is known for its many medicinal benefits. One thing I know is jaggery is rich in Iron. In India, people who know, even doctors advise anaemics and pregnant women to take jaggery daily to increase their hemoglobin levels.

What can I say about the taste of jaggery- there is always the sweet taste but there is something more. The taste is not a mind numbing sweetness but more subtle, much more flavorful and makes us want more. Its sweetness is quite different from that of commercial sugar, brown sugar or even molasses. Because it contains the minerals and vitamins inherently present in sugarcane juice.

In addition to using it for traditional sweets of festival times, like Undrallu, Jaggery is my sweetener of choice always, for ragi malt, vegetable curries, rasam, occasionally for tea & coffee. Compare to commercial sugar, it is not that expensive. You can buy a 10-pound block of jaggery for about 5 to 8 dollars in an Indian grocery shop, here in US.

Jaggery I brought from India
Jaggery from India

Vinayaka Chavati Festival Sweet – Undrallu

Undrallu is a sweet, especially prepared on Vinayaka Chavithi festival. They are made with jaggery and chana dal then wrapped in dough and deep-fried in oil or ghee. The tradition is we have to prepare 9 varieties of undrallu with different fillings for this festival. My mother prepares 9 varieties for puja whenever we girls visit home. She has a saint like patience and great time management. You see we have to prepare all varities on the day of festival, by afternoon while on fasting. At least the person who does the puja and cooking must be on fasting till the puja is done. Family members would taste the festival specials only after the puja and naivedyam are done. Our customs dictate that the first offerings on festivals and special occasions must be to God, a sign of respect.

(For two)

For Purnam:

One cup – chana dal
One cup jaggery (pounded into tiny pieces)
6 cardamom pods, seeds separated and powdered

Wash chana dal and take them in a pressure cooker. Add the cardamom and about one cup water. Mix and pressure cook to 3 whistles, till the chana dal is firmly-soft. There should be no water left in pressure cooker. and we want a tight cooked chana dal. If there is excessive water, drain the dal using a colander and then spread the cooked dal on paper towels or on a cotton cloth to remove the moisture and to make them firm.

In a food processor (mixer), or in a stone mortar, take the cooked chana dal. Add jaggery and grind to smooth. The end product must be solid and it has to hold the shape. Make baby’s fist sized small rounds. My mother also dips the rounds in coconut gratings.

This is Purnam.

Chana dal, Jaggery, Cardamom. Cooked and combined into a paste called purnam or puran.
Chana Dal, Jaggery and Cardamom ~ Pressure-cooked, Mashed and Made to Small Rounds called Purnam

Preparing the Dough:

There are two kinds of wraps for the Purnam.

1. Urad dal and rice flour wrap called chovi. For it, take quarter cup of urad dal and soak them in water overnight. First thing in the morning, drain water and grind the dal in a blender to smooth adding very little water. Remove to a cup and half cup of rice flour. Mix them together thoroughly. Keep it covered for about 2 to 3 hours. This is called chovi. Purnam balls are dipped in this batter and fried in oil or ghee. Tasty and good.

2. Maida (all purpose flour) wrap: My mother’s method and I prefer this wrap.
Take one cup all-purpose flour (maida) in a bowl. Make a well in the center and add about half cup water. Mix and make a firm dough. Sprinkle about 2 tablespoons ghee and gently knead the dough, until it becomes very soft and pliable. Keep it covered for about 2 to 3 hours. Preparing the maida dough is the first thing I do in the kitchen on festival day morning.

Preparing Undrallu step1 Preparing Undrallu step2

When you are ready with purnam:
Take out and knead the dough again adding ghee for about 5 minutes.
Divide the dough into marble sized rounds.
Roll out each one into a small round using a rolling pin or with hand, thin at the edges and thick in the middle.
Place a lemon sized Purnam in the middle and cover it by bringing the edges together. Place them on a plate and cover with a wet cloth, to prevent drying out.
Repeat the procedure for all the dough rounds with the purnam.

Once you are done, place a kadai on stove-top. Add and heat the oil or ghee for deep-frying.
Gently drop the rounds and deep fry them to pale gold. Offer them to God first, then enjoy.

I prepared them in two shapes, the round ones are called undrallu, and the other two are called Kudumulu in Telugu.

Undrallu or Boorelu(Round Ones), Kudumulu (The Other Two)

Posted by Indira©Copyrighted in All-Purpose Flour(Maida),Amma & Authentic Andhra,Chana Dal,Indian Sweets 101,Jaggery,Naivedyam(Festival Sweets) (Thursday September 8, 2005 at 1:30 pm- permalink)
Comments (24)

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24 comments for Undrallu & Kudumulu »

  1. I quite like undrallu – and until today I didnt even know what they were called 🙂 Thanks, Indira! By the way, do you make kozhukottai (Tamil word) with coconut-jaggery filling, too?

    Comment by shammi — September 8, 2005 @ 2:24 pm

  2. Happy Vinayaka Chavati to both of you Indira and Vijay..Yes it is me.

    You know we make the similar kind, but we make them flat,with a rolling pin, instead of making them balls. We call them Obattu/bobattu.
    Round variety…we call them boorulu.

    Very tasty food.

    Comment by Lakshmi — September 8, 2005 @ 3:31 pm

  3. Shammi, even in Telugu, they are called by different names in different regions. The 9 different fillings I mentioned above, coconut-jaggery filling is one of them. I like them a lot but very rarely I prepare them here.

    Lakshmi, I am so happy to see your comments. Thanks for taking time.
    Happy Vinayaka Chavithi to you guys too.
    Yep.. Boorelu-Undrallu, Bobbatlu-bakshalu, same thing but different names in one language. I don’t know how many other names it has in other Indian languages. A lot.. definitely. Whatever the name is, they are tasty indeed.

    Comment by Indira — September 8, 2005 @ 4:23 pm

  4. Hope you hade a good Chavithi. My house we make Kudumullu little diff, with rice flour and jaggery and steam it. This is more like how we make Booralu, except dipped in uddi pindi.

    Comment by Kaleidoscope — September 8, 2005 @ 4:25 pm

  5. Hi Indira- Nice to see your traditional recipes. This is called suhian in tamil. But in our family, we only make kozhukkatai or modaks (as written by Kaleidoscope). But Indira I always feel the Jaggery here is softer in texture and gives a lighter flavor than the ones from India. I think Indian jaggery is more suited to traditional southern recipes.

    Comment by mika — September 8, 2005 @ 5:42 pm

  6. I just added in my post about another way(urad dal+rice flour batter)to wrap the filling. My MIL prepares them this way and I think this is what you both are referring to, right?

    K – Thanks, best wishes to you too.
    Mika – I agree that jaggery available here is much softer and not strong(tastewise) as the ones available in India. Export quality or weather conditions here, I am not sure about the reason.

    Comment by Indira — September 8, 2005 @ 9:25 pm

  7. Hi Indira – these sound so good – can they be made without a pressure cooker?

    Comment by Cathy — September 8, 2005 @ 11:25 pm

  8. Lakshmi, I think what you are referring to in ‘Poli’ in Tamil. I guess its a different dish all together.

    Indira, regarding the varieties of jaggery, in TN stores, we generally have 2 varieties – uppu vellam (salt jaggery – which is mild) and paagu vellam (syrup jaggery – which is dark is colour and also strong – rich in taste). Maybe you can check out with the store (if you is able to comprehend what you say).

    Cathy, in case you need to try without a pressure cooker, you need to soak the lentils for long hours to make them soft and then boil with water over a stove or in a microwave. Indira, am I correct?

    Comment by Ravi — September 9, 2005 @ 2:17 am

  9. Cathy – Yes, you can, as Ravi mentioned already, you have to soak them overnight for best results.

    Ravi- Here we get only one variety, that’s why I brought some for the first time from Nandyala.

    Comment by Indira — September 9, 2005 @ 5:38 pm

  10. hi indira! this looks very similar to our hopia which is a descendant of the Chinese mooncake.

    Comment by stef — September 10, 2005 @ 9:15 am

  11. how to make kudumulu?

    Comment by subha atluri — September 30, 2005 @ 9:35 pm

  12. Excellent source of Kudumulu. Thanks a lot. Good work. Keep going.

    Comment by Lakshmi — August 24, 2006 @ 3:49 pm

  13. very nice information keep it up hpy vinayaka chaviti

    Comment by mani nanduri — August 26, 2006 @ 6:16 am

  14. hai, can u tell me all the 9 varieties of undrallu with different fillings . can u describe the 9 fillings please.

    Comment by prasanna — September 9, 2007 @ 8:12 pm

  15. this is the first time iam going to celebrate chaviti far off my parents. present iam in japan. so i need to ur help in celebrating the chavati happily

    Comment by prasanna — September 9, 2007 @ 8:14 pm

  16. This is very nice I want to learn peneelu also. I know it is very tedious process but very tasty.
    This is done only in rayala seema region. Please give the recipe

    Comment by y.SUMATHI — September 13, 2007 @ 10:18 pm

  17. We don’t call these undrallu somehow..I come from west godavari and visakhapatnam side of AP. We make undrallu with rice rava and chanadal..

    but this is an interesting site where I find ifferent recipes for the same dish…really intersting…I try most of the stuff..and they turn out very good
    thanks to the team 🙂

    Comment by girija — September 14, 2007 @ 3:31 pm

  18. Hi. The recipe with ‘chovi’ of urad dal+rice flour is called ‘Boorelu’; the ball covered with all-purpose flour,is flattend like a roti-called BobbaTTu/obbatTu,PoLi and OLi -in rayalaseema.(hoLige in kannada.)
    Very good presentation Indira. I freeze boorelu. They freeze well.

    Comment by sujata — September 17, 2007 @ 10:56 pm

  19. Fantastic, friendly, and filling site…in more ways than one!! Just wondering, any specific reason for the Srichakram on the front design?

    Comment by Radha Marthi — September 20, 2007 @ 5:16 am

  20. I came acrosss the cooking blog by chance, really enjoy reading through. I am looking for some new recipes for diwali. I send some sweet dishes like truffles to my sister-in-laws and try to make something different every year rather than traditional sweet guj. sweets. some ideas please. the above recipe looks good might try it Aruna

    Comment by aruna — October 26, 2007 @ 4:45 pm

  21. Hey thanks. I was searching for this receipe from many years, and I happened to taste this on ugadi many years back.
    I will try and give u response. Thanks a lot.

    Comment by tehmina.hasan — April 24, 2008 @ 3:26 am

  22. we-the kamma people who had MIGRATED from andhra years back call them ‘ubbattu’.It is amazing my mother who is no more now used to make lots of dishes I see from your website NOW. I who has started recently to browse your site really enjoy .thanks

    Comment by neela — June 23, 2008 @ 12:54 pm

  23. Hi,Thanks for Undralu recipe,Indra could you please give the recipe for 9 different ways of undralu.

    Comment by Shobha — August 22, 2009 @ 6:31 pm


    Comment by RAO — August 20, 2010 @ 12:25 pm

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